Situation of PWD in partnering nations - Jordan

PWD estimation in the general population

Most PWD live in the Governorates of Amman, Irbid and Zarqa. Currently, there are no accurate figures on disability in Jordan. Indeed, the different estimations make it impossible to have an accurate number. 
Estimations vary according to the source: 
  • 0.64% of the general population have physical disabilities (the 2004 Population Census) 
  • PWD form 1.18% of the general population (the Department of Statistics) 
  • PWD form 3.5 - 10% of the general population (the World Bank) 
  • PWD form 7-10% of the general population (WHO) 

Access to health and social services

Only 58.5% of persons with physical disabilities have a health insurance. Persons with physical disabilities face two major challenges with regard to healthcare services:
  • A limited physical accessibility to health services 
  • An inadequate mainstreaming of persons with physical disabilities in the healthcare system 
The National Disability Strategy fails to mention the need to physically alter the environment and enhance accessibility to health infrastructures. There are no information on the number of physically accessible institutions that operate under the Ministry of Health or the number of beneficiaries who have physical disabilities. Nonetheless, a new accessible health centre has been established in Amman by the Ministry of Health. The centre can be seen as a model health centre and as a proof of the commitment by the Ministry of Health to enhance the environment for persons with physical disabilities.

Access to education

At the policy level, the Ministry of Education has undertaken an important initiative. In cooperation with AHS, the schools who have students with physical disabilities are adapted by installing ramps and adapting the bathrooms. However, further efforts are needed to accelerate the implementation of comprehensive initiatives that could facilitate the accessibility and adaptability of education services. 
  • 30.5% of PWD are illiterate, compared to a national illiteracy rate of 9.3% 
  • The illiteracy rate for men with physical disabilities is 22.7%. 
  • The rate for women with physical disabilities is the highest. 49.0% of the female population with disabilities are illiterate.At 
  • 4.2% of persons with disabilities have access to university education in Jordan compared to the 10.9% rate for the national population. 

Access to vocational training

6 out of 57 vocational training centers are accommodated for persons with physical disabilities in the three target regions. The Vocational Training Corporation is the official body in Jordan that provides vocational training. Two other institutions are also involved in training. These are: State-owned vocational training centres at Russaifa and Irbid, which are operated by the Ministry of Social Development and other NGOs. Vocational training programs are not adequate to the needs of PWD nor to the requirements of the labor market. Challenges to the vocational training of PWD are: 
  • The unavailability of training programs, especially in remote and rural areas 
  • The absence of means of accessible transportation 
  • The low accessibility to buildings 
  • The lack of involvement of the private sector 

Access to employment

The Labor Inspection Department within the Ministry of Labor is in charge of monitoring non-compliance to employment laws targeting PWD. The public sector's job placement system also gives priority to PWD over able-bodied counterparts. However, until this date, inspections have not begun and measures have not been enforced, both in public and private sector institutions. Data on the employment and the salaries of PWD are unavailable.
There are many attempts by the public sector to integrate PWD in the labor market. However employment procedures for PWD still tend to be discriminatory . When employed in the private sector, PWD tend to be placed in low-level jobs.

Environmental accessibility for PWD

Accessibility is the main focus of Jordanian policies and initiatives. It is particularly emphasized in the fields of education and employment. However, physical accessibility remains limited.

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